Black people in London are three times more likely to be arrested than white people, new figures show.
Civil lobbying charity Liberty, which campaigns for justice and equality, accused the police of acting unjustly towards ethnic minorities and called on the Government to reduce police powers.
Home Office figures show 31,197 arrests of black people were made in London in 2020-21.
This equated to an estimated 28.7 arrests per 1,000 black people in the area, based on population figures from the 2011 census.
In contrast, there were just 10.0 arrests per 1,000 white people, meaning a black person was 2.9 times more likely to be arrested.
Arrest rates were down from 2019-20 – before the coronavirus pandemic led to a fall in overall crime – when 29.2 arrests per 1,000 black people and 10.2 per 1,000 white people were made.
A spokesperson for the Metropolitan Police says that the figures shown are “significantly lower than other parts of the country”, yet the force recognises it “still has work to do to ensure nobody feels they have been disproportionately targeted by the police.”
Across England and Wales, black people were 3.3 times more likely to be arrested than white people in 2020-21.
Emmanuelle Andrews, policy and campaigns manager at Liberty, said the figures “highlight the injustices that black communities face across the criminal justice system”.
Ms Andrews said: “The police should not be handed more powers, and their existing ones must be rolled back.”
But the Home Office says “more is being done in policing than ever before to ensure everyone is treated fairly and without prejudice”.
A spokesperson added: “We now have the most diverse police force in history and have extensive safeguards in place to hold the police accountable.”
Dorset Police had the largest disparity in arrest rates, with black people nearly 11 times more likely to be arrested, while North Yorkshire had the lowest – though a black person was still twice as likely to be arrested.
Habib Kadiri, research and policy manager at StopWatch, an anti stop and search charity, said the racial disparity in arrests is “symptomatic of an attitude that excuses the disproportionate targeting of black people under the guise that they are more likely to be involved in violence and drug crime”.
Mr Kadiri also raised concerns regarding racial disparity in stop and search rates.
“The persistent racial disparity in stop and searches demonstrates the degree to which the misuse of frontline policing powers is institutionalised,” he added.
Separate Home Office figures show there were 52.6 stop and searches for every 1,000 black people across England and Wales in 2020-21.
This is compared to just 7.5 per 1,000 white people, meaning a black person is more than seven times more likely to be stopped.
In London, 69.5 stop and searches per 1,000 black people were carried out, compared to 20.4 per 1,000 white people.
A spokesperson for the Metropolitan Police says “officers are highly trained and understand that powers, such as arrest and stop and search, should be used appropriately and proportionately to help keep communities safe.”
A Home Office spokesperson said: “Every knife taken off our streets is a potential life saved, with 16,000 dangerous weapons removed from the streets and almost 81,000 arrests made last year because of stop and search.
“No one should be stopped because of their race, but tragically data shows that young black men are disproportionately more likely to be the victims of knife crime.”
A spokesperson for the Metropolitan Police said: “The Met makes thousands of arrests every year and each will involve a unique set of circumstances.
“Officers are highly trained and understand that powers, such as arrest and stop and search, should be used appropriately and proportionately to help keep communities safe.
“These figures show the number of black people arrested in London compared to the population is significantly lower than some other parts of the country, however we recognise we still have work to do to ensure nobody feels they have been disproportionately targeted by the police.
“We have also accepted the recommendations from the National Police Chiefs Council’s Police Race Action Plan which sets out how all forces can tackle disproportionality by increasing diversity through recruitment and ensuring racist behaviour isn’t tolerated.”